What is a cookie?
A cookie is an inoffensive text document that is stored on the browser directory when you visit almost any webpage. The cookie is used so that the webpage is capable of remembering your visit when you return to that page. Despite a lot of people not knowing it, cookies have been used since nearly 20 years ago, when the first World Wide Web browsers appeared.
What is a cookie NOT?
It is not a virus, not a Trojan, not a worm, not spam, not spyware, nor pop-up window openers.
What information does a cookie store?
Cookies don’t usually store sensitive information about you, such as credit card or bank details, photographs, your ID number, or personal information, etc. The stored data is technical, personal preferences, content customization, etc.
The web server does not associate it with you as a person but with your web browser. If you normally surf using Internet Explorer and then try to surf the same webpage with Firefox or Chrome, you will see that the webpage does not realise that you are the same person because in reality it is associating it with the browser and not the person.
What types of cookies exist?
Technical cookies: they are the most basic and they give, amongst other things, information on when a human or an automated programme is browsing, when an anonymous or a registered user is browsing, and basic tasks for the running of any dynamic webpage.
Analysis cookies: They collect information on the type of surfing that you are doing, the most used sections, consulted products, the time of use, language, etc.
Advertising cookies: They show advertising based on your browsing, your country of origin, language, etc.
What are first-party cookies and third-party cookies?
First-party cookies are those generated by the website that you are visiting, and third-party cookies are generated by external services or suppliers like Facebook, Twitter, Google, etc.
What happens if you deactivate a cookie?
In order to understand the effect that deactivating cookies can have, we give you a few examples:
Content cannot be shared from the website on Facebook, Twitter or any other social network.
The website is not able to adapt the content to your personal preferences, which is common with online stores.
You will not be able to access the private area of the website such as My Account, My Profile, or My Orders.
Online stores: it is impossible to buy online, purchases have to be telephonic or in person visiting the physical shop, if there is one.
The customisation of your geographic preferences such as time zone, currency or language is not possible.
The website will not be able to carry out web analytics regarding visitors and traffic, which will reduce the website’s competitiveness.
NYou will not be able to post on your blog, upload photos, post comments, rate or score content. The website will not know if you are a human, or an automated programme that sends spam.
It will not be possible to show segmented advertising which will reduce the advertising income of the web.
Can cookies be deleted?
Yes. Not only deleted but blocked as well, generally or specifically for a specific domain. To delete the cookies from a website you must go to the browser’s configuration settings and there you will be able to search for the cookie associated with the domain in question, and proceed with its deletion.
COOKIE CONFIGURATION FOR THE MOST POPULAR BROWSERS
Next, we explain how to access a determined cookie on the Chrome browser.
NB: These steps can vary depending on the version of the browser:
Go to Settings or Preferences via the File menu or by clicking on the settings icon that appears above to the right.
You will see different sections, click on Show Advanced Options.
Go to Privacy, Content Settings.
Select All Cookies And Website Data.
A list appears with all of the cookies ordered by domain. Enter the full or part of the address in the Search Cookies field so that it is easier to find the determined cookie.
After carrying out this filter one or several options for the requested website will appear on the screen.
Now, you only have to select one of them and click on X to continue with its deletion.
Go to Tools Internet Options
Click on Privacy.
Move the slide to adjust the level of privacy that you want.
To access the cookie settings for the Firefox browser follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of the browser):
Go to Options or Preferences depending on the operating system.
Click on Privacy.
In History choose Use A Personalised Configuration For The History.
Ahora verá la opción Aceptar cookies, puede activarla o desactivarla según sus preferencias.
Para acceder a la configuración de cookies del navegador Safari para OSX siga estos pasos (pueden variar en función de la versión del navegador):
Vaya a Preferencias, luego Privacidad.
Now, you will see the Accept Cookies option, you can activate or deactivate it according to you preferences.
To access the cookie settings for the Safari browser for OSX follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of the browser):
Go to Preferences, then Privacy.
Here you will see the Block Cookies option which is to set the type of block that you want.
To access the cookie settings for the Safari browser for iOS follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of the browser):
Go to Settings, then Safari.
Go to Privacy and Security, you will see the Block Cookies option which is to set the type of block that you want.
To access the cookie settings for Android devices follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of the browser):
Execute the browser and click on the Menu option, then Settings.
Go to Security and Privacy, you will see the Accept Cookies option to activate or deactivate the box.
o access the cookie settings for Windows Phone devices follow these steps (they can vary depending on the version of the browser):
Open Internet Explorer, then More, then Settings
Now, you can activate or deactivate the Allow Cookies box.